Just before the end of 2012, the transmission department of Jasper Authentic Custom Drivetrains remanufactured this three-speed manual transmission from a 1932 Ford Model B. The Model B was produced between 1932 and 1934 and was the successor to the Model A, which Ford produced between 1928 and 1931. "The biggest difference was that the transmission in the Model B used synchronizers to make shifting gears easier," says Dave Ernst, JASPER Special Projects Consultant. "The Model A did not use synchronized gears, so the driver had to be very careful not to rake the gears, and potentially damage the transmission." Obviously, this early drivetrain component is no longer offered new, nor does it fit into any production remanufacturing system. That’s where Jasper Authentic Custom Drivetrains comes in. For more information on the Jasper Authentic Custom Drivetrain division, call 1-800-827-7455.
JASPER’s Quality Engineers have updated the company’s transmission hydraulic clutch testing process. Hydraulic clutch testing is a method of simulating the operation of a transmission clutch. The process identifies defective clutches not typically identified by dynamometer testing. "This is not a new technology at JASPER," says David Kassebaum, JASPER Transmission Quality Engineer. "But it has been improved through the use of computerized data acquisition." Hydraulic clutch testing the transmission, prior to final assembly, will check for cracked drums or pistons, imperfections in the fluid channels, and defective or damaged seals. The test is performed using a transmission-specific plate designed to direct oil to each of the individual clutches in the transmission. A normal transmission dynamometer does not test the individual clutches. It only tests the gear ratio, which only shows that the clutch has applied. During the dynamometer run, the transmission pump sends significant amounts of oil to the clutch, which typically makes it difficult to identify leaks, or imperfections, in the clutch. Hydraulically testing the clutches individually is used to reduce, and prevent, complaints of harsh or soft shifts and other driveability complaints caused by ineffective clutches. "Until recently, the process of hydraulic clutch testing was done with analog gauges, and the clutch pressure measurements were not recorded or stored," says Kassebaum. "With hardware and software developed by JASPER, our method of testing has been greatly improved." During JASPER’s remanufacturing process, each transmission is given an identification number. As the transmission is assembled, the identification number is typed into the hydraulic clutch test software, allowing the software to pull the correct test for the transmission. As the builder is prompted through the test, the software records the pressure measurements using two pressure transducers. The software compares the measurements to the specifications within the test and determines whether the clutch passed or failed. "If the transmission fails the test, the unit is repaired and the test is repeated to ensure proper clutch operation," says Kassebaum. "The software will not allow the unit to be dynamometer tested until the unit passes the hydraulic clutch test. Once the transmission has passed this test, its measurements are saved in JASPER’s computer database." By utilizing this software, JASPER Quality Engineers are able to drive improvements in the remanufacturing process by analyzing this data to determine the perfect method to improve the assembly of transmission clutches.